Interactive Web3D-Visualisation
Advanced Seminar: High Mountains of the Earth

Department of Geography
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Summer Term 2005

INTERACTIVE Web3D-MODEL
Matterhorn
 
The Matterhorn or, italien, the Monte Cervino, with 4.478 meters in height ranks fourth in Switzerlands's mountains. Because of his graceful pyramid form it is both the most familiar mountain in the Alps and the world's best known mountain of Switzerland. Even a praline got his form from the Matterhorn. The Toblerone looks like a little Matterhorn in chocolate. es-7.29

GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND
One Summit - Two Peaks
 
The Matterhorn, surrounded by many glaciers, lies in the Wallis Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy, between Zermatt on the Switzerland side and Breuil on the italian side. Two ridges cross each other: the Hörnli-Lion-Ridge (SW-NE) and the Zmutt-Furgg-Ridge (NW-SE). The characteristic pyramid form of the matterhorn developed by backwarded erosion of the surrounding Kar-glaciers.

The Matterhorn has two peaks, which are connected by a short small ridge between them. The peak on the Switzerland side is the higher one and marks the greatest height of the mountain. The Italians on the other side own a peak just one meter less high than the other one and the summit cross, too.
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CLIMBING THE HORN
 
Among all the major mountains of the Alps the Matterhorn was the last to be climbed. Since July, 14th , in 1865, when the first men reached the very summit of the Matterhorn, 400 alpinists lost their life while attempting to ascend the mountain. Nevertheless the Matterhorn is both the most climbed and still the most attractive mountain of the Alps.
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BASE MAP
Matterhorn, Sheet No. 1347,
Scale 1:25.000,
Landeskarte der
Schweiz
, Bundesamt für
Landestopographie

MODEL GENERATED BY
Edda Schlager & Martin Heller

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STUDY GROUPS
Hohe Tatra
Allg. Alps (Hohes Licht)*
Iceland
Matterhorn
Mauna Kea
Tian Shan
               *work in process

2005 Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Department of Geography
Research Unit - Geomorphology, Soil Geography, Quaternary Research -